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Kidney stones can be treated with medication, surgery, or shattering with sound waves.

Kidney stones are small, hard deposits that can form in the kidneys. They occur when certain substances, such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid, are concentrated in the urine and form crystals. These crystals can then combine to form larger stones. causes The exact cause of kidney stone formation is often not known, but various factors can increase the risk. These include insufficient fluid intake, certain dietary habits (e.g. excessive intake of salty or oxalate-rich foods), family history, certain medical conditions (such as urinary tract infections or metabolic disorders), and certain medications. Symptoms Symptoms of kidney stones can vary depending on the size and location of the stone. The most common symptoms include sudden, severe pain in the lower back or side that can radiate to the abdomen and genital area. Other possible symptoms include blood in the urine, frequent urination, painful urination, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, and nausea and vomiting. diagnosis Kidney stones are usually diagnosed using imaging techniques such as ultrasound, X-rays or CT scans. These examinations can determine the size, position and number of stones. Urine may also be checked for signs of infection or abnormalities. Treatment Treatment of kidney stones depends on various factors, such as the size, location and composition of the stones, as well as the patient’s individual symptoms. In many cases, kidney stones are treated with adequate fluid intake and pain-relieving medications to flush out the stones naturally. However, in some cases, additional measures may be necessary, such as procedures to remove or destroy the stones, often using minimally invasive methods. To prevent kidney stones, it is important to drink enough fluids, eat a healthy diet with balanced amounts of calcium and oxalate, and, if necessary, follow medical recommendations to prevent stone formation. If kidney stones recur, further examination and targeted treatment may be necessary. It is advisable to consult a doctor if you suspect kidney stones for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.