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Prostate carcinoma.

Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that arises in the prostate, a gland in men. The prostate is part of the reproductive system and is located below the bladder. Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate multiply uncontrollably and form a malignant tumor. The exact causes of prostate cancer are not fully known, but age, family history and certain genetic factors may increase the risk. Often no symptoms In its early stages, prostate cancer often causes no symptoms. Later, you may experience problems with urination, such as frequent urge to urinate, difficulty starting or stopping the flow of urine, weak urine stream, or the feeling that the bladder has not been completely emptied. Other possible rare symptoms include pain in the pelvic area or when urinating, blood in the urine or semen, and erectile dysfunction. Diagnosis of the prostate Prostate cancer is diagnosed through various tests. These include the PSA blood test, which measures prostate-specific antigen levels, and the digital rectal exam, during which the doctor manually examines the prostate. If there is suspicion, an MRI examination of the prostate is carried out as further diagnostics. With this imaging, areas of tumor suspicion can be identified. Treatment for prostate cancer depends on various factors, such as the stage of the cancer, the patient’s age and health. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies. The choice of treatment is made in consultation with the doctor. Early detection and regular check-ups Early detection and regular checkups are important to detect prostate cancer at an early stage. It is recommended that men of a certain age consult their doctor regularly to discuss possible risks and examination methods. Men with a family history of prostate cancer should have their first examination at the age of 40, all others at the age of 45. It’s important to note that prostate cancer is often curable in its early stages. The earlier it is detected, the greater the chances of successful treatment and recovery. If you have any questions or concerns, you should always contact a doctor for individual advice and treatment.